How is periodontal disease diagnosed? What are gum pockets?
During a consultation or routine check up the dentist inspects the colour and firmness of the gums. Teeth are tested for looseness. The bite is checked. At some point, a small measuring instrument the periodontal probe – is gently inserted between the tooth and gum to measure the depth of the gum pockets. Periodontal Pockets are spaces between the tooth and gum, the deeper the gum pocket the worse the problem. This “periodontal” exam should be done at frequent intervals for all adults, especially when there is a history of periodontal disease in the immediate family. X-rays should be taken at appropriate times to evaluate changes in the bone supporting the teeth
Broad definition of the stages of periodontal disease
There are few if any early warning signs, but as the disease progresses, the signs and symptoms become more obvious.
- Red swollen gums that may bleed easily
- Persistent bad breath
- Tall looking teeth (Recession)
- Loose teeth (Mobility)
HEALTHY GUMS AND TEETH
- Coral pink gums
- Gums hug teeth tightly
- No bleeding
- Periodontal Pockets 1-3mm deep
FIRST STAGE DIAGNOSIS: GINGIVITIS
- Gums become red/swollen that may bleed easily
- Warning – This stage is not always obvious
- Periodontal Pockets 1-4mm deep
SECOND STAGE DIAGNOSIS : EARLY PERIODONTITIS
- Periodontal Pockets form as gums separate from teeth
- Periodontal Pockets 4-5mm deep
THIRD STAGE DIAGNOSIS : MODERATE PERIODONTITIS
- Periodontal Pockets deepen as more bone supporting the tooth is lost
- Periodontal Pockets become difficult to clean as they deepen
- Periodontal Pockets 5-6mm deep
FOURTH STAGE DIAGNOSIS : SEVERE PERIODONTITIS
- More than 50% of the bone supporting the tooth has been lost
- Teeth loosen or may need to be extracted
- Periodontal Pockets 6-10mm deep
BPI Dental use the leading high tech Florida Probe system for diagnosis of gum disease and periodontal pocket depth
Dental research continues to solidify the link between periodontal (gum) disease and your overall health. Although periodontal disease is often difficult to detect in the early stages without a periodontal exam, it can be very easy and painless to treat. If not treated in a timely manner, periodontal disease has been associated with an increased risk of heart disease, stroke, diabetes, and low birth-weight babies.
We are excited to let our patients know that we utilize the Florida Probe® System as an advanced diagnostic tool for the tracking and monitoring of this disease. This system, which utilizes an automated, computerized probe, has proven to be more accurate and consistent than traditional methods of assessing periodontal disease and provides both you and the dental team with advanced information.
Software automatically tracks good and bad changes in your periodontal health over time and creates a printable periodontal chart that visually illustrates these changes to enhance understanding.
Florida Probe system also calculates your risk of periodontal infection
Their new Risk Assessment Screening tool calculates your risk of periodontal infection or re-infection based upon your specific risk factors, which include smoking habits, systemic health, oral hygiene, medications you may be taking, genetics, age and other contributing factors. You are assigned a high, medium, or low risk score based on combining these risk factors and your periodontal exam data to date.
You will leave with a clear picture of your gum health and a better understanding of your treatment options. Florida Probe®, helping to protect your beautiful smile for a lifetime!
Do you have periodontal disease? The diagnosis?
If left untreated, periodontal disease can lead to bleeding, discomfort, receding gums and tooth loss. More that 50% of Americans over 30 have some gingivitis and more than 33% (35 million) have periodontitis. Periodontal disease affects 3 out of 4 people at some point in life. Dental research had linked periodontal disease to and increase rate of heart disease, stroke, diabetes, respiratory disease and pre-term and low birth weight babies. The Florida Probe has been designed has a high tech instrument used in the war against periodontal disease. Speak with your dentist about routine periodontal probing, maintenance of deep pockets and ways to improve your home care. Remember that early diagnosis is the key to maintaining your oral health and preventing serious systemic problems.
Extracts of this text have been adapted and used under copyright of Florida Probe Corporation. BPI Dental acknowledge and credit the author (s) of the original work which is used and / or appears in parts of this work. Link to source material http://www.floridaprobe.com