Signs & symptoms of periodontitis

The Signs and Symptoms of Periodontitis

Periodontitis shows a number of signs and symptoms. The table below lists some of them, you can see some pictures of gum disease here These signs and symptoms indicate that there is a problem inside your mouth and you will need professional help from a specialist in periodontics (a dentist who specialises in the treatment of gum diseases and implant therapy). The chronic periodontitis is caused by bacterial plaque which has overgrown and has not been removed above and below the gum line over a period of time. This means that it has been happening for a long time usually years as opposed to gingivitis which takes days/weeks to form.

Signs and Symptoms of Periodontitis
Redness and bleeding gums
Sore and painful gums
Pus from the gums
Sensitivity to hot and cold foods
Sensitivity to sweet foods
Swollen gums
Loose gums and teeth
Pain on biting
Bad breath
Table showing the signs and symptoms of periodontitis

How common is Periodontitis and Gingivitis (Gum disease)

It is the most common disease in the world. It affects almost all of the population in its mildest form Gingivitis and almost up to 40-50 % of the population in more severe form of periodontitis. Severe periodontal disease can affect up to almost 10% of the population and in this form the patient will loose a number of teeth as well. If you have lost teeth through periodontitis you can get affordable dental implants in birmingham. The cause of periodontal disease is always bacterial plaque inside you mouth but it has many modifying factors. These are factors which makes the disease progress at a much faster rate.

moderate periodontitis signs and symptoms

Modifying factors that can make your periodontal condition worse

Smoking can advance the periodontal disease

Smokers have up to 2 to 4 times more severe disease than non smokers. This is because nicotine and other various chemicals inside the cigarette smoke make the blood vessels inside the mouth smaller (vasoconstriction) therefore there is less blood supply to the mouth. Subsequently smokers do no have bleeding gums and therefore they seek help at a much later stage when the teeth become loose or they have an abscess. Secondly, the other chemical including nicotine actually lower the body’s immune system and therefore the body does not fight back against the bacterial plaque. The best way to keep your teeth is to give smoking and have periodontal treatment.

Diabetes affects your periodontal condition

Insulin dependant diabetics tend to have worse periodontal condition than non diabetics due to again the immune system being compromised. Again it is imperative that the diabetes is well controlled and that any periodontal problems are treated early and well. Minimum of six monthly dental examinations and dental hygiene visits is recommended. In diabetic patients who have had periodontal disease in the past, then 3 monthly, periodontal maintenance visits with the dental hygienist is advised.

chronic periodontitis signs and symptoms